Published March 1999 by Brassey"s UK Ltd .
Written in EnglishRead online
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||350|
Download Brassey"s Essential Guide to Explosive Reactive Armour and Shaped Charges
Brassey's Essential Guide to Explosive Reactive Armour and Shaped Charges Hardcover – March 1, by Manfred Held (Author) See Author: Manfred Held. Brassey's Essential Guide to Explosive Reactive Armour and Shaped Charges von Held, Manfred beim - ISBN - ISBN - Potomac Books Inc - - Format: Hardcover.
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Key among these are significant enhancements to both armament and armor. The primary armament of an AFV consists of relatively large caliber guns that fire a range of ballistic munitions, including kinetic energy penetrators, high explosive, incendiary, and shaped-charge warhead tipped s: 9.
Explosive reactive armor (ERA) is a type of add-on armor that usually consists of tiles made of two metal plates with an explosive layer in between.
The ERA is placed at a certain distance from the main armor to enhance its performance. ERA design is optimized based on. Manfred Held: "Brassey's Essential Guide to Explosive Reactive Armour and Shaped Charges", BrasseyISBN External links [ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reactive armour.
Arounda Norwegian working for Rafael by the name of Dr. Manfred Held discovered the drive-plate explosive sandwich design which later became explosive reactive armour.
In this design two rectangular metal plates, referred to as the reactive or dynamic elements, sandwich an interlayer of high explosive. Functioning rules of one- and two-layered reactive cassettes are presented. The paper demonstrates different kinds of tests with explosive reactive armour Wisniewski Adam (ERAWA) cassettes.
There are some examples of the simulation of impact of different types armour piercing (AP) and high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) ammunition on these cassettes. The shape, deflection angle, velocity, and residual depth of penetration of EFPs after passing through ERA were obtained.
The results showed that the interference degree of EFP was nonlinearly decreasing with the increase of charge diameter. Its causes were analyzed from the perspective of interaction time. AMERICAN EXPLOSIVES GROUP, Inc. Our Mission “We are absolutely dedicated to the safe, legal and professional use of explosive materials as we wish to advance the profession and skill level of those in the explosives industry.” World Class Training for Explosives and Blasting.
Explosive reactive armour (ERA) is used to protect the armoured vehicles against chemical energy warheads and long-rod penetrators. ERA generally consists of an ERA sandwich and an outer steel cover to protect it from unintended initiation.
Explosively formed projectiles (EFPs) are used as antiarmour warheads, and their use in top attack antiarmour weapons is increasing. Explosive reactive armors (ERA) have been widely used as add-on-armors against shaped charge jets and long rod armor piercing projectiles.
The disturbance of explosive reactive armors on jet penetration was studied in this paper. Most ERA has a sandwich configuration consisting of a front plate, an interlayer explosive, and a rear plate.
High explosives, such as blasting caps, detonating cord, dynamite, shaped charges, boosters, etc., must be stored in: o Type 1 magazines. Permanent magazines for the storage of high explosives, subject to the limitations prescribed by §§ and Other classes of explosive materials may also be stored in type 1 magazines.
Explosive ordnance disposal training aids † 2–9, page 14 Field safety † 2–10, page 15 Rod and gun clubs † 2–11, page 15 Public demonstrations, exhibitions, and celebrations † 2–12, page 16 Static or public display † 2–13, page 3.
The term “explosive” is defined in 29 CFRExplosives and Blasting Agents, paragraph (a)(3): Explosive — any chemical compound, mixture, or device, the primary or common purpose of which is to function by explosion, i.e., with substantially instantaneous release of gas and heat, unless.
Nozh and Duplet reactive armor have been developed in the Ukraine. Instead of just using explosive materials sandwiched between simple steel plates, the Ukrainian engineers decided on using several linear shaped charges (LCS). The LCSs consist of either copper or aluminium and have a classic "half moon" shape [☾].
four"key"components:"a"power"supply,"initiator,"explosive"materialand"a"switch."A"typical IED"marries"an"explosive"main"charge"with"electrical"fusing"system"thatcan. Rockey Brass has the best reloading brass & equipment for rifles and pistols.
Shop brass, bullets, and parts for your firearms. What is used to assist in the identification of ammunition as to its use or explosive hazard. Color codes (e.g., Yellow/Brown) Of the following features - letter designations, mark and mod, color codes, and construction and shape, which is used to assist in the identification of ammunition as to its use or explosive hazard.
The essential difference between Composition C-3 and Composition C-2 is the substitution of 3% tetryl for 3% RDX, which improves the plastic qualities.
is an explosive used in shaped charge. It is to be hoped that this book ﬁ lls that purpose in the ballistics ﬁ eld. BRYCE N. DAILLY BSc, PhD, JP Government Chemist, Hong Kong, (retired) 1 Firearms A Brief History of Firearms Early h and c annons The earliest type of handgun was simply a small cannon of wrought iron or bronze, ﬁ tted to a frame or stock with metal.
EFFECTIVENESS OF EXPLOSIVE REACTIVE ARMOR. Mayseless. Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Beer-Sheva,Israel. @ FOR ORAL PRESENTATION IN THE TERMINAL BALLISTICS SESSION. Explosive reactive armor (ERA), like any other type of armor, is measured by its effectiveness.
Shaped charges forming explosively formed projectiles or jets. F42B 1/02 Shaped or hollow charges (blasting cartridges with cavities in the charge F42B3/08; oil winning using shaped-charge perforators E21B43/) Definition statement This subclass/group covers: A hollow charge is a container filled with an explosive at least one side of the.
explosive perfectly capable of producing an explosion may liberate its energy without producing one. Black powder, for example, may burn in the open air. An explosion may occur without an explosive, that is, without any material which con-tains intrinsically the energy needful to produce the explosion.
The latest generation of rounds for the TOW have an explosive nose that sets off the reactive armor so the main charge can go off against the armor. Mako11 21 Sep p.m. PST. Brassey's Essential Guide to Explosive Reactive Armour and Shaped Charges di Held, Manfred su - ISBN - ISBN - Potomac Books Inc - - Rilegato.
Military Shaped Charges are often referred to as HEAT rounds, which has lead to the common misconception that they, somehow melt a hole through their target. H.E.A.T. stands for High Explosive Anti-Tank and has nothing to do with the temperature at which it penetrates.
In fact a copper jet formed by a shaped charge only. High-explosive incendiary/armor-piercing ammunition (HEIAP) is a form of shell which combines armor-piercing capability and a high-explosive effect. In this respect it is a modern version of an armor-piercing ammunition may also be called semi-armor-piercing high-explosive incendiary (SAPHEI).
Typical of a modern HEIAP shell is the Raufoss Mk designed for weapons such as heavy. ∙a thin, flexible tube with an explosive core. ∙It is a high-speed fuse which explodes, rather than burns, and is suitable for detonating high explosives.
∙The detonation speed is sufficient to use for synchronizing multiple charges simultaneously even if the charges are placed at significantly varying distances from the primer charge. Contrary to most accounts, I'm not sure that the point of the precursor charge in a tandem charge warhead is to trigger the ERA.
So a lot of tandem-charge rounds appear to be designed with a relatively small precursor charge; small enough that it won't (usually) set off ERA.
This makes a hole in the ERA through which the main charge can pass. main charge which is the least sensitive, on the other hand the destructive power resulting from each of the explosions in the chain will increase as we go away from the activator to end up with the main charge that has the most destructive power.
For example the explosive chain in the detonator is made of 2 or 3 stages first stage is a. —Information accurate as of: build Explosive Rifle Ammo is a variant of the standard Rifle Ammo.
It is commonly used for Raiding, and less commonly used as ammunition for rifles and large firearms. It will do small amounts of damage to players and structures in an area and deals extra damage upon a direct hit.
Small bits of shrapnel may cause bleeding, although this has not. Light weight armor material Nozzles. t EPNM Rijswijk, 11 Explosive forming of metals • Metal sheets and tubes • Explosive charge as energy source Shape effect of explosive on blast.
Minimum charge to initiate TNT at density of was grams. Power, a 10 gram sample gave cc expansion in Trauzl Test ( cc for TNT). - EXPANDING FISH HOOK A sure way to make your next fishing trip more exciting is to make some exploding fishhooks.
It i also. The explosive is normally loaded in its end item configuration such as detonator caps, explosive end tips, linear shaped charge, etc. The dent test is also used to determine TNT equivalency. Gurney Constant (39) — The Gurney constant, the square root of 2E, is used to predict the average velocity of fragments produced by the detonation of.
The UN hazard classification system for classifying explosive materials and explosive components is recognized internationally and is used universally. Other articles where Explosive charge is discussed: fuse: is usually embedded in the explosive charge. Detonating cord, also called Cordeau and Primacord, is a hollow cord filled with an explosive material.
It is fired by a detonator and is capable of initiating the detonation of certain other explosives at any number of points and in any desired pattern.Reactive armour explained. Reactive armour is a type of vehicle armour that reacts in some way to the impact of a weapon to reduce the damage done to the vehicle being protected.
It is most effective in protecting against shaped charges and specially hardened kinetic energy penetrators. The most common type is explosive reactive armour (ERA), but variants include self-limiting explosive.and shape charges. Pentolite is more sensitive than TNT.
Figure Pentolite 50/50 RDX: Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) is a stable white crystalline. RDX is also known as cyclonite. The abbreviation of RDX stands for “Research and Development Explosive.” RDX is one of the most widely used in composite and plastic explosives.